Santiago, the capital and the largest city in Chile, is located in a valley surrounded by snowy peaks of the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range. The Plaza de Armas, the great nucleus of the city’s old colonial center, has 2 neoclassical monuments: the Palace of the Royal Audience of 1808, where the National Historical Museum is located, and the Metropolitan Cathedral of the 18th century. La Chascona is the house transformed into the museum of the poet Pablo Neruda.