Brazil is a vast country in South America that extends from the Amazon Basin in the north to the vineyards and the huge Iguazu Falls in the south. Rio de Janeiro, symbolized by its 38 m statue of Christ the Redeemer on the hill of Corcovado, is famous for its busy Copacabana and Ipanema beaches, along with its huge and raucous Carnival festival, which features allegorical cars, lush costumes and dance and samba music.